With the ever-growing popularity of hemp usage, it’s essential to educate yourself. That’s why Hemp Learning Channel is dedicated to providing well-researched information. We’re here to help provide meaningful and accurate content that enables you to learn more about hemp. This post is all about cannabinoids. Cannabin-what?! Cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in the Cannabis Sativa plant (aka hemp plant). There are hundreds of components in the plant–some of the more popular cannabinoids are likely compounds you’ve already heard of, like CBC, CBD, CBG, CBN, CBL, and THC. Each of the cannabinoids listed above, as well as hundreds of others, contributes to the different effects you experience when you use a hemp-derived product, like a CBD oil tincture or gummy. In other words, cannabinoids work with your body’s cannabinoid receptors to produce certain benefits, like relief from pain and/or stress. Want to learn more about the different cannabinoids and their specific benefits? Keep reading!
Types of Cannabinoids
Before jumping into the different cannabinoid compounds, it’s important to understand that there are generally three different types of cannabinoids–phytocannabinoids, endocannabinoids, and synthetic cannabinoids. This article will mainly focus on the benefits of phytocannabinoids.
- Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids produced by plants. The Greek word phyto means “related to plants.” Hint! All of the cannabinoids we will be highlighting below are phytocannabinoids.
- Endocannabinoids The word endo means “within the body.” Endocannabinoids are lipid-based molecules that act as neurotransmitters that bind to receptors throughout your body. Your endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating important bodily functions, like sleep, emotional state, memory, inflammation, pain, and more.
- Synthetic Cannabinoids are exactly what they sound like–human-made compounds that are created to mimic the effects produced by phytocannabinoids. Typically, synthetic cannabinoids are created and sprayed on other materials, like dried plants, so consumers can smoke them. Synthetic cannabinoids may also be found in liquid forms to be vaporized. Please note: at Hemp Learning Channel, we always recommend using real, hemp-derived ingredients and phytocannabinoids as we believe they’re better for your health and overall wellness.
Different Cannabinoids and Their Benefits
Cannabichromene (CBC) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that interacts with receptors in the body. When these receptors are activated, increased levels of endocannabinoids, like anandamide, are released. Anandamide, often referred to as the “bliss molecule,” helps produce feelings of happiness, well-being, and joy. CBC is also known for its ability to help block pain and reduce signs of inflammation.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural extract derived from the hemp plant. There are three main types of CBD, full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate. CBD has been widely used due to its benefits for getting better sleep, calming stress, providing more clarity and focus, helping manage discomfort, pain, and inflammation, and contributing to users’ overall well-being.
CBD use has been increasingly popular among Americans. With the growing amount of hemp-derived CBD products available, it is important to educate yourself about what you’re getting. Too often a consumer will find a low-quality CBD product, try it, and not have a good experience. At Hemped Learning Channel we always believe that you should invest in quality products–quality in, quality out, as they say.
If you’re interested in trying CBD in your daily routine, try these tips before buying anything:
- Make sure the company is reputable and has COAs (Certificates of Analysis) listed on their website
- Check to see if the CBD company you’re interested in trying uses third-party testing on their products
- Look for labeling that includes whether a product uses full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, or CBD Isolate in their product
- Make sure the amount of CBD is clearly stated on the products label
- Talk with wellness Consultants, like those at Bee’s Knees Holistic Wellness to discover the right products for your personalized needs
Cannabigerol (CBG) is known for its beneficial links to health concerns, like glaucoma, IBS (Inflammatory Bowel Disease), anxiety, and cancer. In fact, many cancer patients are reporting that CBG improves their quality of life after undergoing treatment therapies, like chemo by helping improve appetite and reducing nausea, anxiety, stress, and depression.
Cannabinol (CBN) is known as the cannabinoid that gets created as THC ages or is exposed to air and light. While that might sound a bit off-putting to some, CBN has many benefits. Studies have shown that CBN may have antibacterial properties, as well as abilities to help relieve pain, and reduce the effects of glaucoma. CBN also boasts an anti-inflammatory response. Many people also use CBN to help solve issues like stress and sleeplessness as it can have a sedating effect.
Cannabicyclol (CBL) forms when CBC has been exposed to UV light and/or oxidation. It is a very minor cannabinoid and not much research has been done to study its beneficial properties.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—Most of us have heard of THC. It is the cannabinoid produced by the hemp plant responsible for the euphoric, psychoactive effects when it’s used. There are many negative stigmas and stereotypes associated with THC due to its recreational use, however, there may also be some health and wellness benefits. Among the many medical benefits, THC is primarily used to help with pain management. It has also been shown to have positive impacts on PTSD and anxiety, reducing inflammation, lowering blood pressure, and more. Continued research is being done to discover more medical benefits of THC use.
When it comes to THC, you may also hear references to Delta 9 THC and Delta 8 THC. THC’s scientific name is Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, so when you hear someone reference Delta 9, they’re also referencing THC in general. Different States have legalized products with THC levels above the amount of 0.3%. Federally, however, the amount of THC must be 0.3% or lower. In the world of THC and hemp-derived products, States have jurisdiction, so it’s important to make yourself aware of the local laws regarding THC levels in the hemp-derived products you enjoy. Delta 9 THC products may not be legal in your area. Having said that, hemp-derived Delta 8 products might be.
Delta 8 THC is very similar to Delta 9 THC. Although they are both forms of THC that have similar euphoric effects, Delta 8 THC is typically less potent than Delta 9 and contains the federally allowed limit of 0.3% or below. In addition to its lower levels of THC, most of Delta 8 THC is extracted from industrialized hemp plants, which makes it theoretically legal due to its chain of origin. Delta 8 products have become an increasingly popular option for those who live in States where higher-potency, Delta 9 THC products are illegal. Laws around Delta 8 are continually shifting, however, so again, we recommend that you make sure the hemp-derived products you are enjoying are legal in your area.
Other Terms You Should Know About Hemp
Along with all of the cannabinoids listed above, there are a few more terms we feel are important in the world of hemp. They could be part of the hemp plant itself, types of hemp-derived products, or the effect hemp-derived products can have. Read on to learn more.
Edible–An edible is a hemp-derived product that you ingest or eat. They take the form of yummy gummies, mints, candies, mixable drink powders, mouth sprays, and more. Edibles are fun and enjoyable and offer a myriad of benefits from daily focus and energy to nightly sedation and relaxation for better rest.
Entourage Effect–When you use a hemp-derived product, you ingest, inhale, or absorb hundreds of chemical compounds. Each of these compounds has its own set of unique effects and provides an entourage of benefits. This is what is known as the entourage effect.
Terpenes–Hemp plants are known for their unique smell. This is due to terpenes. Terpenes are chemical compounds found in all plants that contribute to the aroma and flavor. They’re what makes a pine tree smell piny, an orange smell citrusy, and a hemp plant smell a little skunky.
Tincture–Hemp-derived tinctures are very versatile products as you can typically ingest them (as long as they’re made with food-grade ingredients) or use them topically on the skin. You can enjoy them in your coffee or use them as a facial serum depending on your specific likes.
Topical–Topical hemp-derived products are those that you apply to your skin. Once applied, the hemp-derived ingredients absorb and provide benefits. You’ll find many topical products in the form of lotions, roll-on oils, salves, face masks, and skincare products, as well as others. Many people who deal with pain management issues and inflammation use topical, hemp-derived to affected areas.
As more research grows and more is discovered about the hundreds of known cannabinoids, we will add more to this article, as well as other educational pieces on exciting updates in the world of hemp and hemp-derived products. Stay tuned to the Hemp Learning Channel for more great education.